Sunday, January 1, 2012

On this day

Editor's note -- Emperor Julius Caeser consulted with the most prominent astronomers and mathematicians to design a calendar that aligned with the sun's orbit naming Januarius 1, 46 B.C. the first day of his Julian calendar. 

Romans celebrated with sacrifices to the two-faced god Janus, decorated their homes with laurel  branches and attended raucous parties.

Namesake for the Gregorian calendar

But Pope Gregory XIII reformed the calendar in 1582 because the year was too long. After 13 centuries, the vernal equinox had moved to the wrong day.

 History Channel 

Julius Caesar had to add 90 extra days to the year 46 B.C. when he introduced the Julian calendar. 

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